Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) is an annual herbaceous legume from the genus Vigna. Its tolerance for sandy soil and low rainfall have made it an important crop in the semiarid regions across Africa and Asia. It requires very few inputs, as the plant’s root nodules are able to fix atmospheric nitrogen, making it a valuable crop for resource-poor farmers and well-suited to intercropping with other crops. The whole plant is used as forage for animals, with its use as cattle feed likely responsible for its name. The crop is mainly grown for its seeds, which are high in protein, although the leaves and immature seed pods can also be consumed
Cowpeas were domesticated in Africa and are one of the oldest crops to be farmed. A second domestication event probably occurred in Asia, before they spread into Europe and the Americas. The seeds are usually cooked and made into stews and curries, or ground into flour or paste
Most cowpeas are grown on the African continent, particularly in Nigeria and Niger, which account for 66% of world production. A 1997 estimate suggests that cowpeas are cultivated on 12.5 million hectares (31 million acres) of land, have a worldwide production of 3 million tonnes and are consumed by 200 million people on a daily basis
لوبیا گاوی گونه ای لوبیا استوایی گرمسیری است که در مناطق گرم و خشک استفاده خوراکی میشود
دانه های این لوبیا کوچک و قهوه ای با نقاط کمرنگ و پررنگ هستند.
گیاه آن حالت پیچکی دارد و گلهای صورتی رنگی دارد
معمولا به عنوان یک گیاه سریع بازده که میتواند در عرض 3 تا 6 ماه از کاشت بذر به محصول برسد کاشته میشود
لوبیا گاوی حاوی پروتئین است و خوردن آن در وعده های غذایی برای سلامتی مفید است